Man is a Tri Fold Being, composed of a body, soul (mind, will, emotions, heart) and a spirit


The word "soul" is mentioned over 450 times and the word "spirit" over 500 times in the Bible, by multiple writers. Therefore, these two words cannot have the same meaning. The body of a person is the biological housing of the soul, which allows the soul to maintain a connection with the material world, through the use of the five physical senses and a biological brain, to translate physical stimuli, so they will have logical meaning to the soul. The spirit of a man is not something that can be understood by man intellectually. In other words man’s brain through the use of the five senses can never understand the composition and characteristics of the spirit. However, though the soul cannot understand or influence our spirit, our spirit can and does exert a certain kind of god like inspiration to the soul, an image of God if you will, distinguishing him from animals. This inspiration, however, becomes perverted and twisted by sin in our soul.


The bible says the spirit of man is the candle of God. (The Hebrew word used here is the feminine noun "n shamah" pronounced nesh-aw-maw) In other words, our spirit is the wax and God’s Spirit is the flame.(Pro.20:27) Only after God's Spirit units with our spirit, causing a new birth, in spirit, do we become fully functioning spiritual beings, capable of visualizing the spiritual realm of God. (Jhn. 3:3) The bible says this occurs when we choose to believe in Jesus Christ. In other words, we become fully formed new creatures in spirit, when we believe on him. (Eze.36:26) Just as the sperm units with an egg to create a new person, God's Spirit units with our spirit to produce a new creature. (2Cr.5:17) As believers in Christ, we are not just little gods who are just part of the greater consciousness. Instead, we are newly formed unique individuals in spirit, possessing the spiritual DNA of our God and our Father.


The bible says God formed the first man Adam from the dust of the ground, breathed on him, and he became a living soul. However, the bible says nothing about God’s spirit becoming a part of our spirit, at that point. (Zec.12:1) Legally, that would be a violation of our will. To be perfectly holy, God must never violate another being’s freedom of choice. He gives every angel, creature and man complete freedom, to choose within the limits of their created capabilities. The Bible makes it very clear that we do not automatically have the Spirit of God at birth. Jesus, himself, said a man must be born again. First, we must be born in the flesh and secondly, born in spirit to see the kingdom of God. (Jhn.3: 3-5) The bible reinforces further the fact that man’s spirit is different from God’s Spirit, before we are born again. The Bible says very clearly, that the spirit of man is limited to only knowledge pertaining to man and is incapable of understanding anything that pertains to the Spirit of God. (1 Cr. 2:11)


Although our spirit is different from God’s Spirit, it is created in the image of God and designed to unite with the Spirit of God. (Pro.20:27) This union does not happen automatically, though. It only happens when God knows that he has our approval, more precisely put, when we confess Jesus, as Lord of all, and choose to believe that God raised him from the dead. (Rom. 10:9) Our spirit is not alive to the things of God, until that union with God’s Spirit takes place, much in the same way that a female egg only becomes a unique human being, after it unites with a male sperm. I can find nowhere in the bible where Adam is described as being initially formed, with the Spirit of God living within his spirit. Only the man Jesus was conceived fully formed, as a quickening Spirit, while Adam was made a living soul, with just the spirit of a man. (1 Cr. 15:45)


The Bible says God created man in his own image. (Gen. 1:26-27) The Hebrew word for image here is “tselum” and comes from a root word “to shade”. It also means “phantom”. Here, the bible is describing our soul as being a reflection of God’s Spirit, which has no real spiritual life within itself, to become a son of God, without first, having our spirit united with the Spirit of Christ Jesus. (Jhn.1:12) As a shadow has no real material substance, our soul has no real spiritual substance, to be able to function, in the spiritual realm as the angels do. At the natural birth, mankind is given material substance (flesh) and a soul (mind, will, emotions), but no where in the bible can I find where man is given a fully functional spiritual conscientiousness. The 1st chapter of Genesis seems to confirm this idea, because it goes on to describe God, giving mankind authority over the material creation, but mentions nothing about giving mankind any type of spiritual authority. How could he give spiritual authority to some one who is not a fully functional spiritual being? Remember, a candle is not functional until it is lit. At the time of his natural birth, mankind is not a fully functional spiritual being, just a spiritual egg waiting to be joined with the Spirit of Christ.


There is also other evidence which suggests that man was not spiritually alive in the beginning. If he had been made spiritually alive, God’s comments concerning man living forever in his sins, after eating of the tree of life, would have made no sense. If man had been alive in his spirit, to begin with, there would have been no need for a tree of life. We know mankind was created, alive, physically, and we know he was alive in his soul, because the bible says, (Genesis 2:7), “God formed man from the dust of the earth and breathed life into his nostrils and he became a living soul”. However, there is no indication that I can find anywhere in the bible that confirms that mankind was given a living spirit, by God, at the time he was created. On the contrary, scripture confirms just the opposite. Paul said, in Cr. 15:45, “The first man Adam was made a living soul, and the last Adam was made a quickening spirit”. The inference here is that the first man Adam was not made a living spirit, only a living soul.


Angels provide further evidence for what I am saying. We know angels are spiritual beings, because the Bible says they are. Psalms 104:4 says, “The Lord makes His angels spirits”. There is no mention in the Bible of an angel dying, not even one, who has sinned. They are chained up, thrown into a bottomless pit or a lake of fire forever, but there is no indication that they die, nor is there any indication that they receive forgiveness or even have a provision for the forgiveness of their sins. Is it possible that angels are incapable of receiving forgiveness for their sins? God said partaking of the tree of life, which was a provision outside of Christ, to receive eternal life, would cause Adam and Eve to live forever in their sins, as it seems, is the case for angels. There is no indication anywhere in the bible that supports forgiveness of sins for fully formed spiritual beings. Man is special. He, alone, was made a little lower than the angels, because God only gave him a spiritual receptor capable of being made fully functional in spirit, either by the tree of life, or the spirit of Christ. But only the spirit of Christ could provide justification and redemption and make him a son of God. Had he partaken of the tree of life, he would have become alive in spirit but would have lacked the ability to become a son and would have had no provision for sin. I believe this is why God did not give Adam a fully functional living spirit. It would have been a vain and irresponsible act to have done so and we know God is not vain nor irresponsible. If God had given man a fully formed spirit, man, like the angels who sinned, would have been forced to live in his sins forever, which is evidenced further by the short discussion the Trinity had between themselves about the reason for expelling Adam and Eve from the garden. In Genesis 3:22, “The Lord God said, behold the man has become like one of us, to know good and evil. And now, least he put forth his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever-”. God realized, if Adam and Eve had eaten of the tree of life, after sinning, they would have become alive in spirit and then lived forever in their sins. I believe the reason they would have lived forever in their sin is because the tree of life would have given them spiritual life outside of Christ, which would have condemned them to live in sin forever, as Satan lives forever in his sin.  


It makes sense, that God would have created man in this fashion, for at least three reasons. The first reason was to protect his most prized creation from sin and the devil. Secondly, legally, he needed to respect man’s freedom to choose (will) by providing another sinless choice to gain spiritual life, through the tree of life. This choice prevented God from forcing his will on man, by giving him another way to gain spiritual life, himself. Thirdly, he was planning to have, not just more servants, but sons.


The very nature of God, himself, supports my thoughts on this matter also. God is immutable, incapable of being changed from without. He also knows everything that has happened and everything that will happen down to the finest detail. Therefore, Satan could never hope, on his best day, to ruin God’s plans. Yet, I believe that is exactly what would have happened, if man had been made spiritually alive, by eating from the tree of life and then sinning. There would have been no provision for redemption from sin. After sinning, he would have lived forever in his sins, as the angels, who sin, live forever in their sin, with no hope of restoration. Therefore, God devised a plan, before the foundation of the world, to cause the resurrected spirit of his first begotten son, to join with the spiritually inanimate spirit of man, which not only gives man spiritual life, but also becomes the propitiation for all his sin, past, present and future. Christ’s Spirit joined with our spirit makes it not only possible for us to be alive spiritually and forgiven of our sins, but it also provides the means for us to become the sons of God and joint heirs with Christ in the family of God, with no possibility of ever being separated from the living God by anything. (Rom. 8:39)


I believe the process I am describing here is exactly what Jesus saw in his mind, when he uttered on the cross, “It is finished” and then died. His death on the cross finished what he had started long before the beginning of time.


Why does it matter whether Adam was a living spirit or not when he was created? For one reason, if we believe otherwise, it weakens our faith in God and strengthens a false belief in the power of Satan. To think that man had it all in the garden, and lost it, promotes a mindset of defeatism. If Adam started out sinless in the garden, and was defeated by Satan and sin, how could we, who are born into sin, ever hope to become over comers, ourselves. On the other hand, if we realize that we have the spirit of God living within us, as Christians, and also realize that Adam did not have Christ living in his spirit, we can start to form a basis for understanding how much more empowered we are to live under the new covenant, than Adam was, who lived a short time, as a sinless soul, walking and talking with God on earth, but never really knowing God like we have the ability to know him, in spirit and in truth. It is a foundational truth like this that helps us understand who we are in Christ. As we gain a better understanding of what I am saying here, it greatly helps us operate in more and more of his supernatural power, during our time here on earth.




Spirit of  man     


Pro 20:27 The spirit of man [is] the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.


Ecc 3:21 Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?


Zec 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.


1Cr 2:11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.


1Cr 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.


Jhn 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.


Rom 8:9 But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.


1Cr 2:11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.


1Cr 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know [them], because they are spiritually discerned.


1Cr 15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam [was made] a quickening spirit.




Soul of man


Gen 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.


Gen 34:3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel.


Gen 34:8 And Hamor communed with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you give her him to wife.


1Sa 18:1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.


Exd 30:12 When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when [thou] numberest them.


Lev 20:6 And the soul that turneth after such as have familiar spirits, and after wizards, to go a whoring after them, I will even set my face against that soul, and will cut him off from among his people.


Num 21:5 And the people spake against God, and against Moses, Wherefore have ye brought us up out of Egypt to die in the wilderness? for [there is] no bread, neither [is there any] water; and our soul loatheth this light bread.


Mat 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.


1Pe 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech [you] as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;


1Sa 26:21 Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.


Psa 23:3 He restoreth my soul: he leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.



Psa 34:22 The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.


Psa 49:15 But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.


Psa 130:5 I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope.


Psa 142:7 Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name: the righteous shall compass me about; for thou shalt deal bountifully with me.




Psa 143:11 Quicken me, O LORD, for thy name's sake: for thy righteousness' sake bring my soul out of trouble.



Pro 6:32 [But] whoso committeth adultery with a woman lacketh understanding: he [that] doeth it destroyeth his own soul.


Pro 21:10 The soul of the wicked desireth evil: his neighbour findeth no favour in his eyes.


1Th 5:23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and [I pray God] your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.


Hbr 4:12 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.


Hbr 6:19 Which [hope] we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;


Jam 5:20 Let him know, that he which converteth the sinner from the error of his way shall save a soul from death, and shall hide a multitude of sins.



Body of man


Mat 6:25 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body

than raiment?


Mat 6:22 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light.


Mat 6:23 But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great [is] that darkness!


Rom 8:10 And if Christ [be] in you, the body [is] dead because of sin; but the Spirit [is] life because of righteousness.


Luk 12:4 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do.


Luk 12:23 The life is more than meat, and the body [is more] than raiment.


1Cr 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost [which is] in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?


1Cr 9:27 But I keep under my body, and bring [it] into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway.


1Cr 15:37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other [grain]:


1Cr 15:38 But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.


1Cr 15:44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body.



2Cr 5:10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ; that every one may receive the things [done] in [his] body, according to that he hath done, whether [it be] good or bad.


Phl 1:20 According to my earnest expectation and [my] hope, that in nothing I shall be ashamed, but [that] with all boldness, as always, [so] now also Christ shall be magnified in my body, whether [it be] by life, or by death.


Phl 3:21 Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body, according to the working whereby he is able even to subdue all things unto himself.


Jam 2:26 For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.



Wayne Wade